The Bureau of Land Management manages about 30 million acres of land where mustangs roam.
In 2012 the Bureau of Land Management removed 7,242 horses and 1,013 burros from public lands and put them up for adoption.
Horses can get quarter cracks due to genetics, excessive hoof growth, dry hooves or excessively wet hooves.
Although Mustangs are usually called Wild horses, they are actually feral horses with roots tracing back to horses brought to the Americas by Spanish explorers.
The expected life span of a mustang in the wild is 15 to 20 years, while a domesticated mustang can live 30 years.
An average Mustang weighs 800 pounds and is 14 to 15 hands or 4 foot, 6 inches to 5 foot tall.
The Bureau of Land Management works with Dr. Gus Cothran from Texas A&M University to manage the genetics of each herd of wild mustangs through testing genetic samples and make recommendations for the herds.
Adopted wild mustangs need to be introduced carefully to many sounds and objects due to the fact that these things can be overwhelming.
Hoary Alyssum is a flowering weed from the mustard family that causes diarrhea, lameness, dehydration and in some cases abortions.
An adult horse’s temperature is considered safe when it is in the 99.5-101.5˚F range.
The best way to help a horse that has eaten poisonous plants is to call your veterinarian, then remove the horse from the pasture and place them in a freshly cleaned stall.
The length of daylight hours is monitored by photoreceptors in a horse’s eyes. Information from these photoreceptors triggers the horse’s winter coat to begin growing.
Horses that walk on rough terrain may need shoes for protection, to prevent or correct hoff problems.
A Mustang is left out to pasture might graze for 16 or 17 hours per day.
A yearling is a horse between one and two years old. A yearling cannot be ridden because the growth plates between the knee joints have not finished closing.
Similar to dog agility training, Yearlings are trained “in hand” meaning they are trained to do maneuvers from the ground via lead rope.
Wild Mustangs are in fear for their lives and do not innately trust their new trainers. Their natural “fight or flight” response can cause reactions that include biting, kicking or pawing.
Scientists believe that wild horses existed on American soil during pre-historic times. At some point they disappeared from North America and didn't live there again until Spanish settlers arrived.
Until the early 20th century, horses had played a very important role in warfare.
The Taylor Grazing Act was passed in 1934; this limited the use of federal lands for grazing and also charged fees based on acreage.
The Federal Bureau of Land Management was formed in 1946, combining the General Land Office and the U.S. Grazing Service.
There is a point of balance at livestock’s shoulders. The animal will forward if the handler stands behind the point of balance and back if the handler stands in front of this point.
An early spokesperson for the campaign against the slaughtering and mistreatment of mustangs was Velma Johnston, who spoke out during the 1950s. She was dubbed ‘Wild Horse Annie’ and started a nearly 30-year campaign, alerting the country about the brutality and killing of these horses.
Horses have a nearly 180 degree of vision due to the fact that they have eyes on either side of their narrow heads. They can see forward much of the way around their bodies .
Richard Nixon signed the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burro’s Act in December of 1971. This stated: ‘Congress finds and declares that wild free-roaming horses and burros symbolize the historic and pioneer spirit of the West…’ Mustangs were now to be protected.
Due to her constant efforts, Velma ‘Wild Horse Annie’ Johnston was eventually inducted into the National Cowgirl Hall of Fame.
Starting in 1989, the BLM created programs that brought wild horses and inmate prisoners together; this allowed prisoners to gentle wild horses and prepare them for the adoption process, while also preparing themselves to reenter society.
The Wild Horse & Burro Program still highly controversial, with some conservationists opposing the removal of wild animals from their habitat.