National GeographicNat Geo Wild


  • European starlings have unique jaw muscles that power their beaks to spring open so that they can pry open nuts and dig in the grass and soil.

  • When under threat, muskox herds tactically create a circle facing outwards towards their enemy. This makes them almost invulnerable to attack. 

  • The coachwhip snakes' name comes from the pattern of scales on the tail that resembles a braided whip.

  • Coachwhip snakes only feed about once every five days.

  • When muskoxen collide it is the equivalent of a head on car crash at 30 miles per hour. 

  • The Gila monster lizard has lethal venom, which causes haemorrhages in internal organs.

  • Grizzly bears are amongst the strongest and most powerful of all animals

  • A grizzly's strength can be up to five times that of a human.

  • Shrews must eat every 2-3 hours, or they die.

  • The guanaco's heart is 15% larger than is usual for mammals their size.

  • The golden eagle’s stoop speed can be as fast as 200mph.

  • The Markhor goats are sensational climbers. 

  • The Markhor goats are the largest goats in the world.  They stand 65 to 115 centimetres at the shoulder, 132 to 186 cm in length and weigh from 32 to 110 kilograms.

  • Camel spiders are not actually spiders; they are spider-like arachnids that belong to the order Solifugae. There are over 1000 species of camel spiders.

  • The wild boar’s smaller tusks act as a whetstone, keeping the lower tusks sharp.

  • The salt flat lizard, Liolaemus fabiani, was first discovered by Jose Yanez and Herman Nunez in Chile in 1981.

  • Moorhens have a frontal shield which is used in competitor assessment, whose size and colour is testosterone dependent.  In males the shield is larger and in females it is redder.  It provides cues as to body size and health status and therefore competitive ability. 

  • In the summer, the Hoary Marmot can spend as much as 44% of its above ground time sunning themselves in the morning sun.

  • A tiger can strike with 10 times the force of a heavy weight boxer. 

  • A tiger can leap 33 feet (10m).  

  • The part of the rhinos brain related to smell is bigger than the rest of its brain put together.  

  • A white rhino’s horn can grow to more than 3ft (1m) in length.  

  • Magellanic penguins can live in colonies of 200,000 breeding pairs.  

  • When fighting, kangaroos rest on their tails and can kick with great force so that their sharp toenails disembowel an opponent.    

  • The water monitor lizard can run as fast as Usain Bolt.  

  • The Burmese python can have up to 450 bones in its spine , over 13 times that of a human.  

  • A male stalk eyed fly’s eye-span can be as long as their body. 

  • Male wildebeest have horns that can grow to be over 2 ½ ft (76cm) long.

  • The Japanese Giant salamander uses its huge jaw to suck its prey or opponent in with the same acceleration as a formula one car.

  • Coyotes are one of the most adaptable and least fussy animals in North America, eating anything they can lay their paws on.

  • Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) may look cute and cuddly, but they are fierce fighters with powerful weapons: long claws that can cut through wood, and teeth specially evolved to grind down tough eucalyptus leaves like a wood-chipper.