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Magnificent Frigatebird
  • Magnificent frigatebirds are able to use thermal currents to soar to heights of 2,500 metres.

  • They are so good (and confident) at flying, that they can stay in flight for several days and may even sleep while they are in the air.

Red Fox
  • Red foxes have sharp teeth and very quick reflexes – allowing them to kill prey with multiple deep bites around the head and deep punctures to the neck.

Caucasus Beetle
  • Caucasus beetles are able to lift hundreds of times their own body weight – that is like a person lifting a sperm whale.

  • Caucasus beetles are covered in armour made from chitin, with an exoskeleton harder than pine wood.

Grizzly vs. Cougar
  • Cougars can jump to a height of 4.5 metres.

Nile Crocodile vs. Hippo
  • Nile crocodile’s eyes, ears and nostrils are on the top of its head, allowing it to lie low in the water and out of sight from prey. 

  • After elephants and white rhinos, hippos are the largest land mammal. 

Ploughshare Tortoise
  • Ploughshare tortoises can live to be 100 years old.

African Buffalo vs. White Rhino
  • The African buffalo forms large herds of over 1000 individuals. 

  • The white rhino is a threatened species, with around 14,500 animals in the wild.

Spectacled Cobra vs. Indian Grey Mongoose
  • As soon as a baby cobra hatches from its egg, it is able to rear up, spread its hood and strike. 

  • A young Indian grey mongoose will stay with the mother for six months.

Caracals vs. Jackals
  • To help detect prey, a caracal has 20 muscles in each ear. 

  • Jackals have fused bones in their forelimbs, helping them to run very fast. 


Striped Skunk
  • A striped skunk’s odorous yellowish musk – which can cause nausea, intense pain, and even temporary blindness - can be fired to distances of over 6 metres.

Grasshopper Mouse vs. Centipede
  • Southern grasshopper mice have learnt how to kill and eat potentially deadly scorpions – the mouse has evolved to be resistant to scorpion venom.

  • Scolopendra centipedes inject toxins through two sharply-pointed fangs. The toxins have been shown to affect heart rate, breathing, and the nervous system.

Lions vs. Hyenas
  • Spotted hyenas have a bit of a bad reputation for being lowly scavengers but this simply is not true. One study found that they killed up to 70% of their own meals!

  • One of the noisiest animals on the African savannah, the spotted hyena boasts an impressive vocal repertoire of 11 different calls. This includes ‘whooping’, which is so complex that it reveals clues about identity of the owner, their age and even their emotional state.

Giant Pacific Octopus vs. Spiny Dogfish
  • The only solid part of a giant pacific octopus is its beak, meaning that a 20 kilogram octopus can squeeze themselves through a five centimetre sized hole… if their beak fits through so can they.

  • A spiny dogfish shark can live up to 75 years!

Chacma Baboon vs. Nile Crocodile 
  • Chacma baboons have cheek pouches which are the same size as their stomach and are used for storing food.

  • Nile crocodiles have pits on the side of their jaw that enable them to sense movement in the water.

Japanese Giant Hornet
  • Every year in Japan, Giant hornets kill between 30 and 40 people. 


Lion vs. Crocodile
  • Male lions can eat a quarter of their own body weight in one meal. That would be like an average American male eating over 400 Mars Bars in one sitting!

  • A Nile crocodile has a special flap of skin in its throat called the ‘Gular fold’ that keeps water out of its throat and lungs when underwater.

Wild Dog vs. Hyena
  • Working in a team, African wild dogs are able to take down prey eight times their size.

  • Each individual African wild dog has a coat with its own unique pattern, just like a human fingerprint!

  • While they look similar, spotted hyenas are more closely related to mongooses and cats than they are to wild dogs.

Wolves vs. Bison
  • Wolves have an extended snout, which allows for a greater surface area to be dedicated to smell detection. They can detect prey up to 2.4 kilometres away.

  • Mortal enemies, in some places, bison comprise around 65% of grey wolves’ winter diet.

  • Using intelligent pack strategies, grey wolves are able to take down prey up to ten times their size.

  • Bison calves are capable of running within a few hours of being born.

Ants: Camponotus
  • Camponotus ants are commonly called 'carpenter ants' because they mainly nest in live or dead trees.

African Elephant: (Loxodonta Africana)
  • Elephants can spend up to 16 hours a day eating, and drink between 100 and 200 litres of water a day.

Red Deer
  • The red deer is Britain's largest land mammal.

Langur Monkeys- (Semnopithecus)
  • Gray langur monkey are also known as Hanuman langurs, after the Hindu monkey-god. 

Sarcastic Fringehead- (Neoclinus blanchardi)
  • A sarcastic fringehead has long jaws and may be able t0 open its mouth up to nearly half its body size. 

California Two Spot Octopus- (Octopus bimaculatus)
  • The California two spot has very sensitive eyesight, so is only active at night when it is dark.


Brown Bear 
  • Brown bears have excellent hearing. They can hear human conversation from 300 metres away, and a camera click from 50 metres away. 

  • A brown bear has a sense of smell seven times stronger than that of a bloodhound.

Termites vs. Ants
  • African driver ant queens are able to lay around three to four million eggs every 25 days. 

  • Cuttlefish have three hearts, two that pump blood to its gills and one that circulates blood around its body. 

  • The blood of a cuttlefish is not red, but a blue-green colour – thanks to haemocyanin, a protein that contains copper.

Roadrunner vs. Rattlesnake
  • A roadrunner has two toes pointing forward and two backward, giving it an X-shaped footprint.

  • Using its tongue, a rattlesnake can detect prey from nearly 30 metres away.

Elk vs. American Bison
  • American bison need to eat 1.6% of their body mass every day. For a 900 kilogram male; that would be more than 100 quarter-pound burgers.

American Alligator 
  • American alligators have a bite force of nearly 1350 kilograms – more than enough to crush a human skull.

  • Gator skin is so tough that ancient warriors used it as armour. It can provide protection against knives and even arrows.

Honey Badger vs. Jackal
  • The honey badger may only be 25 centimetres tall, but do not let that fool you. There are accounts of them killing much larger animals, including a three metre python.

  • Black-backed jackals are not half bad either – despite their size, they have been shown to hunt in larger groups to kill adult impalas – taking turns to harass their cornered prey to the point of exhaustion.

Lion vs. Leopard
  • African lions kill the young of other predators. That way, they never grow up to become competition for food or territory. 

  • Lions have one of the highest muscle concentrations of any animal. 

  • Leopards can carry extraordinary weights up trees to avoid other predators – such as African lions - swooping in on their kills. A leopard can carry prey weighing twice its weight up a tree.

Great Black-Backed Gull vs. Great Black-Backed Gull
  • Bullies of the air – great black-backed gulls hassle other birds, steal their food, and have even been found to hunt and eat smaller birds, including puffins.


  • European starlings have unique jaw muscles that power their beaks to spring open so that they can pry open nuts and dig in the grass and soil.

  • When under threat, muskox herds tactically create a circle facing outwards towards their enemy. This makes them almost invulnerable to attack. 

  • The coachwhip snakes' name comes from the pattern of scales on the tail that resembles a braided whip.

  • Coachwhip snakes only feed about once every five days.

  • When muskoxen collide it is the equivalent of a head on car crash at 30 miles per hour. 

  • The Gila monster lizard has lethal venom, which causes haemorrhages in internal organs.

  • Grizzly bears are amongst the strongest and most powerful of all animals

  • A grizzly's strength can be up to five times that of a human.

  • Shrews must eat every 2-3 hours, or they die.

  • The guanaco's heart is 15% larger than is usual for mammals their size.

  • The golden eagle’s stoop speed can be as fast as 200mph.

  • The Markhor goats are sensational climbers. 

  • The Markhor goats are the largest goats in the world.  They stand 65 to 115 centimetres at the shoulder, 132 to 186 cm in length and weigh from 32 to 110 kilograms.

  • Camel spiders are not actually spiders; they are spider-like arachnids that belong to the order Solifugae. There are over 1000 species of camel spiders.

  • The wild boar’s smaller tusks act as a whetstone, keeping the lower tusks sharp.

  • The salt flat lizard, Liolaemus fabiani, was first discovered by Jose Yanez and Herman Nunez in Chile in 1981.

  • Moorhens have a frontal shield which is used in competitor assessment, whose size and colour is testosterone dependent.  In males the shield is larger and in females it is redder.  It provides cues as to body size and health status and therefore competitive ability. 

  • In the summer, the Hoary Marmot can spend as much as 44% of its above ground time sunning themselves in the morning sun.

  • A tiger can strike with 10 times the force of a heavy weight boxer. 

  • A tiger can leap 33 feet (10m).  

  • The part of the rhinos brain related to smell is bigger than the rest of its brain put together.  

  • A white rhino’s horn can grow to more than 3ft (1m) in length.  

  • Magellanic penguins can live in colonies of 200,000 breeding pairs.  

  • When fighting, kangaroos rest on their tails and can kick with great force so that their sharp toenails disembowel an opponent.    

  • The water monitor lizard can run as fast as Usain Bolt.  

  • The Burmese python can have up to 450 bones in its spine , over 13 times that of a human.  

  • A male stalk eyed fly’s eye-span can be as long as their body. 

  • Male wildebeest have horns that can grow to be over 2 ½ ft (76cm) long.

  • The Japanese Giant salamander uses its huge jaw to suck its prey or opponent in with the same acceleration as a formula one car.

  • Coyotes are one of the most adaptable and least fussy animals in North America, eating anything they can lay their paws on.

  • Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) may look cute and cuddly, but they are fierce fighters with powerful weapons: long claws that can cut through wood, and teeth specially evolved to grind down tough eucalyptus leaves like a wood-chipper.